covering burma and southeast asia
Wednesday, September 17, 2014



By The Irrawaddy AUGUST, 1997 - VOLUME 5 NO.4/5

Q: Who do you think really killed Bogyoke Aung San? A: Who really killed Bogyoke Aung San was the British government. It was their plot. Q: Why do you say that? A: I suppose there were three reasons why he was killed. Firstly, Bogyoke Aung San was the leader who could organise and unite the whole country so they were afraid of the whole of Burma uniting. This was the main reason. Secondly, Bogyoke Aung San could reunite with the Communist Party of Burma. They were worried about that too. And finally, they supposed that they could handle Burma more easily if they removed him. These were the reasons why he was killed. I better give my opinions and some evidence why I say that the British were involved in this assassination. First evidence From the very beginning, the British government had noticed that U Saw was conspiring something. They even understood that these actions were aimed at Bogyoke. Regarding this fact I remember two things. First, before the assassination, U Saw’s house was kept under police surveillance. One of my relatives who was then a police officer, told me that he was on duty from a nearby house a week before the assassination. He said that they had to report their findings daily and thought surveillance had begun even before he was put on duty. The second thing is that during 1960’s or 1970’s on one Martyr’s Day anniversary, one of the Burmese newspapers published an article written by a retired police officer who was then a station master in Mayangon police station which handles affairs in that quarter of Ady Road where U Saw’s house was located. He wrote that their police station had reported all their findings of the activities concerning U Saw’s house and compound long before the assassination. They concluded that a plot was being planned that would soon materialize. Yet, there was no order to arrest them or any other action to prevent these plans. He wrote that he could not understand why. From these two points we can conclude that, although the British government had noticed that U Saw was engaged in illegal activities aimed at someone in particular, they had never taken action to prevent them nor any precaution. It was a very obvious fact. Second evidence (a) The following facts came from the media at the time of the assassination. Captain Vivian, a British Army officer, was transferred to the police department just before this incident. He worked for the Arms and Ammunitions Supply Department. Vivian issued 200 Brenguns to U Saw. On 24.6.47 under the guidance of Vivian and U Saw, Ba Nyunt, a prominent follower of U Saw and his group wearing police uniforms had received ammunitions from No 226, Burma Ordinance Depot (BOD) without difficulty. (b) On 10.7.47 the same group (Ba Nyunt, etc.) had received a second issue of ammunitions from Vivian from Mingaladon. And on 21-7-47 when a pond near U Saw’s house was searched, 170 Brenguns and 100 Stenguns were discovered in airtight boxes underwater. (c) This issue of arms and ammunitions provided clear evidence that the British were involved in the assassination. The amount was so large that it could have armed six infantry battalions (half of the total battalions of the Burma Army at that time). These arms were not bought by U Saw but were issued by Vivian without the knowledge of upper authorities. Capt. Vivian had no personal profit motive also, so it is a very obvious fact. (d) This issue of arms not only encouraged the assassination of Bogyoke, but also had other implications afterwards. With this amount of arms U Saw could manage to kill Bogyoke and then revolt to seize power. By supplying arms in this way, the British could bring Burma into turmoil and into civil war. Third evidence (a) Actually U Saw had been collecting arms since 1946 and got in touch with Maj. C.H.H. Young, a British commander from No(1) BEME in Rangoon. From him, U Saw received many rifles, pistols and some ammunitions. (b) Similarly, from Maj. Lance Dane (also a British) he received arms and ammunitions. (c) According to newspapers, the bullets fired at Bogyoke were poisoned and known as "dumdum". Mong Pawn Saohpa, who was not seriously injured at the time, died later from these bullets. (d) U Saw got these arms illegally from these two British majors prior to the assassination. This was also a very obvious fact that British were involved. These two pieces of evidence (the second and third) were also very obvious facts proving their involvement in this assassination. U Kin Oung, the son of U Tun Hla Aung (deceased) who was Deputy Police Commissioner during the investigation of the assassination, had written a book "Who killed Aung San", and some of the main facts were broadcasted on BBC in 1993.

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